In Europe, we want our drinking water to be clean, we do not want our house to flood, we want our cities to be pleasant in the summer, we want our food to be produced, we want our economies, trade and industry to prosper. And while all of these things are directly or indirectly related to water, we do not take good care of our European water resources. The State of Nature in the EU report says that especially the European freshwater environment and its species are in a worrying state1. The trend is that the pressures on freshwater will increase resulting in negative effects on society and economy. Ultimately these effects will need to be managed leading to higher costs.